RTI is a form of supplemental instruction provided in tiers. It involves the "systematic implementation of a research-based intervention for the child who struggles - an evaluation of the child's response to it - as part of a process of determining whether special education may be warranted." (Owocki 2010)


  • Whole class instruction/Small group instruction

  • What is, likely, already happening in your classroom

  • Starts with a flexible curriculum that addresses the needs of all students

  • Monitor student progress over time

  • Students who receive extra support should spend their time READING as opposed to focusing on an isolated skill

  • With high-quality instruction, typically 80% of students will show gains in core instruction


  • Designed for students who aren't making progress in the classroom with regular instruction

  • Identified through universal screening measures (i.e. DIBELS, MAP, etc.)

  • Offered, IN ADDITION TO, Tier 1 - Ideally outside of regular reading instruction

  • 20-40 minutes of extra support from the classroom teacher or literacy specialist

  • 10-15% of students will benefit from this level of instruction


  • Instruction usually occurs outside of the classroom by a specialist

  • Intense instruction

  • Individualized instruction

  • Approximately 5-10% of students will benefit from this level of instruction